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Each year, humans produce 4 000 billion tons of wastes and waste 1.3 billion of food while 1 billion people suffer of malnutrition. Each year, Europe needs 4 times more energy than Africa whereas the number of inhabitants is twice as high in Africa. Each year, more than 1 billion people die because of a cancer and 20% of these deaths, according to WHO, are due to the environment, and more particularly to their place of work. Sustainable development is based on a simple problematic: how can we satisfy the needs of the current generation while avoiding the degradation of the environment we will leave to the next generations? Three criteria, Environment, Economic, and Social, are required to respond to this immense problem we are confronted to. Often forgotten, the Social dimension is necessary to a bearable and equitable society. In fact, how can a non-equitable society be sustainable? Equality in terms of access to healthy food, clean energy, quality health cares and safe jobs should be a priority. Access to these elementary needs does not have to be defined according to the purse of each citizen, although this is actually and sadly the case. For example, obesity is 4 times more important for worker’s children than for executive’s children, which shows an unequal access to a balanced diet depending on purchasing power and education. But this is not finished: exposure to dangerous chemical substances through alimentation, conditions of work and even accessible ready to wear clothes are the factors that a big part of the population is confronted to everyday. But these clothes, toys, and other consumer goods do not create inequalities only in developed European countries, they actively affect the life of people across the borders by delivering chemical substances while their productions in the BRICS’s environment where they are finally discarded as unrecyclable wastes. The word of the next decades should definitely be transparency. Transparency for production, permitting people working in factories to have better working conditions, transparency for the consumers about the composition of the goods and products they live with and they ingest everyday. Environmental education should be provided to every child to make them realize that all the little gestures we accomplish matters and have big impacts on our environment when they are reproduced at a big scale. Ways to measure, analyse and treat social inequalities have to be improved, enhanced or created to make sure that nobody is forgotten in this inevitable process of sustainable development at the European level, and, of course, a more global level.