In 2017, the European urbanisation rate is 72% and reaches 98% in some countries, such as Belgium for example.
This data shows the importance of cities in the heart of Europe and the potential power and influence they have and can enhance through their economic, cultural and social outreach. Because of this, they need to be listened to and supported in the process of greenification.
Metropolises with high compactness can transform this into an advantage, giving them the power to develop alternative and green public transport, in order to reduce road traffic, carbon dioxide and fine particles emissions.
Sustainable housing and energy have to be accessible for everyone, and a particular effort has to be made in disadvantaged areas. In fact, the socio-enconomic profile of inhabitants seems to impact their exposure to pollution and mortality risk. For example, studies realised in Paris show that underprivileged neighbourhoods face more pollution, resulting in higher risk of death.
Finally, Europe needs measures to increase the environmental responsibility of cities in a homogenous and coherent way, across districts and borders.