Asylum and Migration: Solidarity and Real Solutions
Migration has become a key political issue for the European Union, following the large number of arrivals over the last few years. We have been deeply affected by the fate of children, women and men who are risking their lives to reach Europe, and have called repeatedly for a holistic approach to migration to counter populist and right wing scaremongering and their denials of the value of human life and dignity.
Saving lives is our first priority.The unfolding human tragedy in the Mediterranean Sea requires urgent solutions to deal with the large numbers of people seeking asylum in the European Union in a manner that is humane, managed and sustainable. Europe needs a common European Asylum System, which means the end of Dublin. The overhaul of the Dublin rules should create a permanent and binding centralised solidarity mechanism, based on relocation between Member States, with particular attention being paid to vulnerable persons such as women, children, LGBTI people, people with disabilities, and the elderly. In parallel, we must offer to those entitled to international protection an alternative safe and lawful access to the Union’s asylum system. A hotspot approach is not and cannot be the only EU response to the arrival of large numbers of refugees in Europe. We cannot avoid our share of responsibility by obliging third countries of transit to keep all those who would seek asylum in the EU. Relocation, resettlement, instruments of legal migration and measures addressing the root causes of irregular migration for a long-term and sustainable solution are critical.
Partnerships for development to address the root causes in close cooperation with countries of origin and transit. Irregular migration is a global phenomenon requiring a coordinated international response and the EU must take a human-rights-based lead in shaping it. We support a strong partnership between Europe and Africa and the efforts in the United Nations to tackle the root causes of migration in terms of improving the economic and social situation, strengthening democracy and the rule of law, and providing education and employment opportunities in countries of origin. We must improve development cooperation, conflict resolution, and stimulate inclusive and sustainable economic growth to ensure that people have a real chance of a better life in their homeland.
More focus on the integration of refugees and migrants. We need more than just a plan for irregular migration. We believe in a diverse and multicultural Europe, which respects the fundamental rights and dignity of migrants and preserves social cohesion. We must be constantly seeking to improve the living conditions of migrants, the access to public services, decent employment, equal pay and social coverage for equal work, and integration measures at an EU and national level – especially to guarantee education and inclusion for the children of migrants. The EU also needs a more positive and harmonised approach to legal migration, attracting qualified professionals and offering genuine legal channels for those seeking a better future in Europe. We must also stand up and fight against the negative perception of migration that has become a powerful tool in the hands of populist and far right forces in Europe. A well-managed migration system is an asset for the sustainable economic and social growth of our continent, and could even help in safeguarding the welfare state in several EU Member States.
Ensuring adequate financing. In order for the EU to achieve the above policy objectives, the EU budget is one of the best tools for responsibility sharing within the Union and boosting sustainable development in the EU neighbourhood. We have called for the mobilisation of additional financial resources for the 2018 budget. We need to establish an EU Search and Rescue Fund to save lives in the Mediterranean. We call for increased financial support to Member States for integration activities and believe that a significant percentage of the EU Fund for Asylum, Migration and Integration should be earmarked for integration. In parallel, we supported the mobilisation of up to EUR 44 billion under the European Fund for Sustainable Development to create decent jobs, boost growth and ensure stability in Africa and the EU’s neighbourhood. We continue to insist, however, that EU development aid should not be made conditional to cooperation on migration, that Member States honour their commitments in terms of pledges to Africa, and that private companies investing in Africa respect the principles of Corporate Social Responsibility and ILO norms.
Hi my Friends ,That the migration of “illegal immigrants” to Europe through the southern gateway to the continent to migrate to the level of unilateral or level of institutions the European Union in general. The confrontation between the police and migrants . Important solutions to preventing illegal immigration include:
1- Raise awareness and awareness about the risks and effects of illegal immigration
2- Making legislation and laws that improve the living conditions of migrants in their countries of origin.
3- Strengthen the security control on the border with Europe, especially the Arab countries because most of the migrants from the Arab world.
4- To help African countries provide job opportunities for the unemployed and improve living conditions by providing electricity, water and treatment to more citizens and pressure their governments to respect human rights and to prevent illegal immigration to Europe
Imagine you have an argument with a stranger- and then the same argument with a family member. What would this mean for the situation? This is the question the EU needed to ask itself within its migration policy; and it was not often easy to respond.
Hungary is a full member of the European Union since 2014. The expectations were high for the Central European country who had to experience the nightmare of communism. However, since the last years, the relation between Budapest and Brussels was often more than challenging. But how should the EU deal with a member state government which does not fear any confrontation?
-First, it would not be the right decision to avoid more dialogue. Even if it sounds first reasonable, this option would never lead to a good result. It is rather important to try to understand the other parties concern. Therefore, the S&D organized a youth conference in Budapest to encourage the dialogue with the Hungarian young citizen. More events like this are needed to start conversations which lead to agreements.
So, if you encourage the dialogue, for instance with your family member, but the other party still does not want to listen, what would be the next step? In the case of Hungary, this meant that Budapest did not cooperated with the relocation agreement, to accept refugees. The Eurosceptic government rejects to relocate migrants from frontline states Italy and Greece to help ease their burden. Therefore, it is now important to stand up for your values and to ensure your credibility. Stricter action is now the right decision.
-Second, the EU decided to take legal actions against the Eastern state, what was the right way to show Budapest that a Union should not exist in good times only, but also in bad ones. It is only possible to handle these long-term crises together as a Union. As Gianni Pittella said: “Solidarity works both ways.“
However, if the other party is going further, turning away from democratic principles, and put into question what you stand for? Hungary’s Prime Minister has been using populist language and hard Euroscepticism since the last years. A climate of mistrust was created, and in this climate even the issue of death penalty has been reintroduced to the public discourse. However, death penalty is against values and European law.
-Third, the EU clearly needs to name and oppose Orban’s inexcusable actions. Xenophobic language should be taken seriously and should not be accepted inside the EU. However, if Budapest is further turning away from European principles, the EU should reconsider Fidesz EPP Group membership. As with the family member, suspending would be the last step you want to choose, but this option needs to be considered if Orban is not going to change its position.
-Fourth, if Hungary’s government is not going to accept the legal actions, the EPP should reconsider Hungary’s membership. However, this should only be taken as a final option. The EU should always be open for dialogue with Budapest. Finally, Brussels should encourage the dialogue with Budapest and its citizen since many of them, in particular the youth generation, is not in favor with Orban’s actions. Additionally, legal action should be taken into account if Hungary is rejecting European agreements. If Hungary is not going to change its asylum policy, the EPP should reconsider Fidesz membership. But as seen with the anecdote with the family member: Facing problems inside a family can be more challenging, than facing them outside.
The migrant crisis that swept over Europe in 2015 is still raging on, albeit far more limited in scope. But what has the European Union done to ease the lives of those that have been arriving? What will it do with those that are bound to arrive in the future? The answer is obvious – painfully little, but not due to a lack of trying or a lack of enthusiasm. The European Union as an entity has always valued migration – it is its very basis. But what happens when European values clash with narrow national interests and fears of politicians? Again – the answer is apparent to all of us. The whole union suffers. What we as Europeans need is more solidarity across the member states and a more refined union-wide migration and asylum policy. To solve the first issue, both the Commission and the Council, as well as the Parliament should put pressure on the countries that reject the values of the Union but still benefit from it. Solving the second problem is not as simple, for overhauling the Dublin system might face a backlash in almost every European country, not just the “special” few. Further on, the solution for managing migration is two-fold. First the European Union should focus on fixing the causes of the migrant crisis. It should strive to play a more pronounced role in establishing peace in the Middle East and North Africa and to plan for active participation in rebuilding the ruined economies of the war-torn countries. Also it should provide increased funding to African countries, especially those that are responsible for most of the migration and trafficking. The funding must not be given out blindly, instead a control mechanism should be put in place to ensure responsible spending – on education, infrastructure and creation of opportunities in the home countries. At the same time, Europe must remain an attractive destination for migrants. As the continent suffers from a demographic decline, the Union should look outside of its borders for a solution. Facilitating legal migration by refocusing the EU’s integration policy and reexamining the Blue Card scheme is the key to solving the problem. By working on both of these points we contribute to the fight against human trafficking, save and improve lives and most importantly – better our Union.