Mutualise the risk of unemployment at the European level is a complicated task but it is possible.
Indeed, Europe could promote an high protection of that risk by developing, first, harmonisation on unemployment insurances conditions. It would concern : the length of the indemnisation, but also the control methods and much more important the way the person unemployed is taking care of.
Because of course, unemployed people are persons, human beings. And European socialists should see them like as fragile people, not as thief, like some right wing parties across Europe do.
When the harmonisation is over, or that differences between Member States are so huge that it is impossible to harmonise, the EU should unify. By setting a percentage of monthly indemnisation in regard of the previous salary. It should be set on the higher scale, so that no country has to lower its protection.
It should also be part of a new fund, that would fit into cohesion and solidarity objectives of the EU and that would coexists with the actual funds. This amount of money would go to the support of the unemployed person (new formation, personal counselor, better information on workers and unemployed people rights) and to active way to fight unemployment, such as the french initiative “territoire zéro chômage”.
Finally, this amount of money would be coming from the workers cotisations, the member states and new taxations, for instance by establishing a bonus malus for companies if they choose to hire workers on fixed-term contract or permanent contract.
The EU must protect its citizens from social risks, and I could write other proposals, such as health care for everyone, working conditions, especially with work accidents, or democracy inside the companies. By protecting them, the EU would contribute to build a better European citizenship, and would finally enhance its role as a welfare union.